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Bibliographic data APIs

The Rijksmuseum supports the Z39.50 and SRU client/server protocols for searching and retrieving bibliographic records from the library database.

Z39.50 gives access to the biblios database with bibliographic records. The bibliographic data can be accessed by search clients supporting the Z39.50 standard. A selection of the supported Bib-1 attributes:

Code Attribute
1 Personal-name
4 Title
21 Subject
31 Publication date
1003 Author
1016 Any

SRU[QUERY] gives access to bibliographic data via search clients that support the SRU standard.

Parameter Format Default Notes
recordSchema marcxml / dc / rm marcxml append dc for simple Dublin Core or rm for a local customized format
startRecord 1-n ‘1’ skip a specified number of records in the result set

Example request SRU

SRU supports CQL (Contextual Query Language). You can use operators like and, or. Some example search indexes are title, author, subject, isbn, issn, editor, publisher and cql.serverchoice (any). The following URL allows you to view the second 5 records in a search on subject containing the term rembrandt or title containing the term painting. or title=painting&maximumRecords=5&startRecord=6

Example response SRU

Responses are encoded in UTF-8 and by default formatted in MARCXML:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<zs:searchRetrieveResponse xmlns:zs=""><zs:version>1.1</zs:version><zs:numberOfRecords>3731</zs:numberOfRecords><zs:records><zs:record><zs:recordPacking>xml</zs:recordPacking><zs:recordData><record xmlns:xsi="" xmlns="" xsi:schemaLocation="">
</record></zs:recordData><zs:recordPosition>8</zs:recordPosition></zs:record><zs:record><zs:recordPacking>xml</zs:recordPacking><zs:recordData><record xmlns:xsi="" xmlns="" xsi:schemaLocation="">

  <leader>     nam a22     ui 4500</leader>
  <controlfield tag="001">449</controlfield>
  <controlfield tag="003">NL-AmRIJ</controlfield>
  <controlfield tag="005">20180206085653.0</controlfield>
  <controlfield tag="006">aa   |||||||||||||</controlfield>
  <controlfield tag="007">t|</controlfield>
  <controlfield tag="008">091231s1961    xx a   |||||||||||||eng d</controlfield>
  <datafield tag="029" ind1="0" ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">NLGGC</subfield>
    <subfield code="b">334776856</subfield>
  <datafield tag="040" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">NL-AmRIJ</subfield>
    <subfield code="b">dut</subfield>
    <subfield code="c">NL-AmRIJ</subfield>
  <datafield tag="100" ind1="1" ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Gerson, Horst Karl</subfield>
    <subfield code="9">41348</subfield>
  <datafield tag="245" ind1="1" ind2="0">
    <subfield code="a">Seven letters by Rembrandt /</subfield>
    <subfield code="c">H. Gerson; transcription Isabella H. van Eeghen; transl. [from the Dutch] Yda D. Ovink.</subfield>
  <datafield tag="260" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">The Hague :</subfield>
    <subfield code="b">L.J.C. Boucher,</subfield>
    <subfield code="c">1961.</subfield>
  <datafield tag="300" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">71 p., 6 bl. pl. :</subfield>
    <subfield code="b">ill. ;</subfield>
    <subfield code="c">4°.</subfield>
  <datafield tag="490" ind1="0" ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Publicaties van het Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie te 's-Gravenhage ;</subfield>
    <subfield code="v">1</subfield>
  <datafield tag="600" ind1="1" ind2="4">
    <subfield code="9">94826</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Rembrandt,</subfield>
    <subfield code="d">1606-1669</subfield>
  <datafield tag="700" ind1="1" ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Eeghen, Isabella Henriette van</subfield>
    <subfield code="9">32100</subfield>
  <datafield tag="700" ind1="1" ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Ovink, Yda D.</subfield>
    <subfield code="9">86761</subfield>
  <datafield tag="920" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">10-FFFF=452</subfield>
  <datafield tag="942" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="c">BKS</subfield>
  <datafield tag="999" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="c">449</subfield>
    <subfield code="d">449</subfield>
    <subfield code="x">1</subfield>
  <datafield tag="952" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="0">0</subfield>
    <subfield code="1">0</subfield>
    <subfield code="2">z</subfield>
    <subfield code="4">0</subfield>
    <subfield code="6">411_D_18</subfield>
    <subfield code="7">0</subfield>
    <subfield code="9">450</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">RMA</subfield>
    <subfield code="b">RMA</subfield>
    <subfield code="e">aankoop</subfield>
    <subfield code="l">2</subfield>
    <subfield code="m">1</subfield>
    <subfield code="o">411 D 18</subfield>
    <subfield code="p">090052</subfield>
    <subfield code="r">2019-08-26</subfield>
    <subfield code="s">2019-08-12</subfield>
    <subfield code="t">1961/1290</subfield>
    <subfield code="y">BKS</subfield>
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